The Bulgarian Academy of Sciences reported that on 28 November 2013 the Assembly of Academicians at BAS elected as foreign members of the Academy three scientists - Acad. Victor Matveev from Russia, Prof. Andre Geim from the UK and Prof. Konstantin Novoselov of Russia.
Academician Viktor Anatolyevich Matveev was born on 12.11.1941 in Taiga, Novosibirsk Region, USSR.
V.A Matveev graduated in 1964 from the Physics Faculty of the Leningrad State University in the Department of Academician V.A Fock. In 1967 he defended his doctoral dissertation at JINR Dubna, under the guidance of Acad. N.N Bogolyubov and Prof. A. N. Tahvelidze. In 1973 he defended a thesis for the scientific degree "Doctor of physical and mathematical sciences". From 1975 to 1977 he specialized in the theoretical department of the National Laboratory of the U.S.A "E. Farms" in Illinois.
V.A Matveev is a world renowned scientist in the field of particle physics, theoretical and mathematical physics. The main directions of his scientific work are related to the development of the quantum field theory in the construction of relativistic quark models of hadrons and description of dynamic symmetries in particle physics at high energies. In 1965-1966, together with B.V Struminski and A. N. Tahvelidze, they received the fundamental results in the creation of the quark theory of hadrons. They introduced a new quantum number for quarks, which was later called "colour ". This result is a base for the development of particle physics - quantum chromodynamics. In another cycle of works, together with R.M Muradyan and A. N. Tahvelidze, they formulated the principle of automodelling in high energy physics. This principle allows for a unified approach to scale - invariant description of deep inelastic processes at high energies and high transmission pulse. The proposed in this work rules for quark counting were registered in 1988 in the Register of the Inventions and Discoveries of the USSR. V.A Matveev has developed the concept of "hidden" colour in atomic nuclei and showed the importance of quark degrees of freedom in the structure of nuclei at small distances, the so-called relativistic nuclear physics.
In 1991 he was elected as a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1994 he was elected Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1994 he was elected to the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Vice Chair of the Department of Nuclear Physics. From 2008 to 2013 he was president (academic secretary) of the Division of Physical Sciences at RAS.
V.A Matveev was selected by the Committee of Plenipotentiaries of countries participating in the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) as Director of the Institute in March 2011. V.A Matveev has joint publications with Bulgarian scientists. We will underline the collaboration with Corr. Member of BAS D.Ts. Stoyanov.
Professor Andre Geim was born on 21.10.1958 in the city of Sochi, Russia, into a family of engineers from German origin. In 1976, he became a student at the Moscow Physical- Technical Institute. In 1982 he graduated from the Faculty of General and Applied Physics, and in 1987 received the degree "Doctor" in the ISSP at RAS, where he worked as a research associate. In 1990 he received a scholarship from the Royal Society and left Russia. In England, he worked at the University of Nottingham and Bath, and then briefly at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark. In 1994, he received the readership at the University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands. One of his PhD students in Nijmegen, Konstantin Novoselov, then became his main partner in research. In 2001 he was appointed professor of physics at the University of Manchester, and since 2002 has been director of the Center for Mesoscience and Nanotechnology at the same university. He has dual citizenship of the Netherlands and the UK.
Andre Geim is among the 10 most active researchers in the world, who is the father of three new research fronts - diamagnetic levitation , adhesive « gecko » tape and graphene. As of 30 October 2013, he has posted 232 scientific papers in referenced publications which have been cited 60,161 times in the scientific literature, h- index = 71. To this date, only his article for graphene for the magazine column in Science (2004) has 11,772 citations.
Andre Geim is professor at the University of Manchester, UK, Head of the Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Director of the Institute of Mesoscience and Nanotechnology at the same university. He has won many international awards and honors, including medals from the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, the Royal Society in London, and honorary doctorates from the University of Delft (Netherlands) and the Polytechnic in Zurich (Switzerland). In 2010 , together with his student Konstantin Novoselov, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the isolation of graphene - a two-dimensional crystal of carbon atoms arranged in the vertices of a regular hexagonal (honeycomb). Graphene is a material with unique physical properties. For his discoveries Andre Geim received knightly titles in the Netherlands and the UK, with the honorary title of " Sir " by Queen.
Professor Andre Geim is also associated with the struggle for the defense of science and education in Bulgaria at a particularly critical time. He was the first Nobel laureate, who in November 2010 responded to the call of Bulgarian scientists in support of the petition against the financial strangulation of science in Bulgaria and the government's intentions for the dissolution of BAS. This petition gathered more than 7,700 signatures of scientists from dozens of universities and institutes in the world, and undoubtedly, the signature under number 1266 of the newly elected Nobel Laureate in Physics Andre Geim had a strong resonance.
Professor Konstantin Novoselov was born in 1974 in Nizhny Tagil, Russia. He received a master's degree from the Moscow Physico- Technical Institute in 1997 and was a researcher at the Institute of Microelectronics Technology and High-Purity Materials in Chernogolovka, Russia from 1997 to 1999 and the University of Nijmegen in the Netherlands from 1999 to 2001.
In 2001, Professor Novoselov became a researcher in physics at the University of Manchester, and in 2004 was awarded "Doctorate in Physics" from the University of Nijmegen, where Andre Geim was his manager.
In 2004 Novoselov, Geim and colleagues were able to isolate graphene - one - atom thick layer of carbon in a hexagonal grid. Graphene is a very good conductor of electricity and can outperform silicon in the formation of the next generation of computer chips. Graphene is completely transparent so that it can be an ideal material for interactive displays and solar cells.
In 2010, Professor Novoselov received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his results with graphene. He shares the prize with his colleague and scientist Andre Geim.
In 2012, Professor Novoselov became a knight of the British Empire and the Royal Society. He has already entered the Encyclopedia "Britannica" .
Professor Novoselov has dual citizenship (Russian and British).
Professor Novoselov has published about 90 papers as master or corresponding author, including nine articles in "Nature" and 15 in "Science" of the United States. He has about 100 papers read at conferences in the last 5 years. He is one of the youngest Nobel laureates.