Expert and operative activity; innovations
The Bulgarian Academy of Sciences performs specific operative activities directly serving the state and society.
Scientists from the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, with their scientific potential and expertise, are the human resources needed by society and the state to solve important national tasks, to develop strategies and expert opinions on key priorities of the country.
The Academy maintains and develops a network of contacts with business organizations to develop innovative products and services. Over the last 20 years, BAS has been the leader among Bulgarian organizations by number of registered patents and utility models. Each year, their number exceeds several times the total number of registrations from all Higher Education Institutions in Bulgaria.
Expert activity in favor of the society and state
BAS units are a sought-after partner by state, cultural and educational institutions, industry, energetics, environment, agriculture to carry out tasks which require expertise.
In 2016, scientists from the Academy participated in numerous scientific councils, expert committees and other advisory bodies at scientific organizations, universities, ministries and various governmental and social structures, presenting over 9300 written expert opinions, reports and reviews.
BAS actively creates and develops business relationships. Contracts for research with organizations from the country and abroad account for 35% of the Academy’s own revenues. Half of them are with organizations from abroad.
Written expert opinions, reports and reviews by scientists from the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in 2016
The National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (NIMH) performs all operational activities in the country in the field of meteorology and hydrology. The Institute builds, maintains and services national surveillance networks, including meteorological and weather stations, rainfall, agrometeorological, aerological, hydrometric, hydrogeological, marine hydrometeorological and radiological stations. NIMH represents Bulgaria at the World Meteorological Organization, EUMETSAT and EUMETNET, fulfilling the respective obligations that Bulgaria has accepted under intergovernmental agreements.
The National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (NIGGG) operates and maintains unique national monitoring networks: seismic network, strong earth movements network, permanent GPS / GNSS network, mareograph network for monitoring of the Black Sea level, monitoring of ultraviolet radiation and ozone. The processing and analysis of data from infrastructure networks and observatories allows continuous monitoring of processes and phenomena in the Earth’s crust and the Earth’s space and is important for the prevention of risk phenomena.
A major part of the activity of the Institute of Oceanology “Prof. Fridtjof Nansen “(IO) is the assessment of the ecological status of the coastal Black Sea waters and the monitoring of the transport and diffusion of oil spills, according to the commitments undertaken by Bulgaria in a number of international, regional and national acts. In IO, a daily survey of the development of wind waves in the coastal waters of the Black Sea is carried out, and a daily specialized marine forecast for shipping in the Western Black Sea is made.
The National Archaeological Institute with Museum (NAIM) is a national center and coordinator of all field archaeological studies on the territory of Bulgaria and exercises scientific and methodological control over them. NAIM-BAS is responsible for the functioning of the computer system “Archaeological Map of Bulgaria” (AMB). This is the most complete and legally recognized register of the archaeological heritage of Bulgaria, containing information on over 20 000 sites. AMB is one of the most important sources of information for environmental impact assessment reports and is intensively used by municipalities, government departments, private companies and organizations.